Increased alcohol consumption in the elderly
As the baby boomer generation approaches retirement age, it is expected that by 2034, older people (65 and over) will be more numerous in the United States for the first time in the story. As the population ages, the demand for health care will increase and the increasing rates of alcohol consumption among the elderly could create additional challenges for an already overburdened health system.
Trends in alcohol consumption among the elderly
Alcohol consumption among the elderly has tended to increase over the years, especially among women. An epidemiological investigation determined that in the United States between 2001 and 2013, among people 65 years of age and older, the rate of alcohol use disorders increased by 107%. The University of Michigan’s 2021 National Healthy Aging Survey found that although the majority of seniors surveyed drank alcohol at low to moderate levels, there was a subset of older adults who were older. older than recommended guidelines for alcohol consumption. In particular, 20% of respondents drank alcohol four or more times per week; 27% reported having had six or more drinks on at least one occasion in the past year; and 7% reported alcohol-related power outages.
Negative effects of alcohol consumption in the elderly
Drinking too much alcohol can have negative consequences on physical and mental health, including heart and liver problems, memory problems, mood disorders, as well as an increased risk of cancer and a weakened immune system. In addition, age-related changes in the body put older people who drink alcohol at additional risk. Older people have an increased sensitivity to the effects of alcohol because they usually metabolize alcohol more slowly. Lean body mass also decreases with age, and with less muscle to absorb alcohol, older people feel the effects of alcohol more quickly, even with less alcohol consumption than when they were older. youth. Older women are at greater risk for these effects than older men. Combined with other physical changes in the body due to age, older people who drink alcohol are susceptible to falls, broken bones, and other unintentional injuries. Since many older people take multiple prescription drugs, another major concern for this age group is the dangerous and sometimes fatal consequence of mixing drugs with alcohol.
Alcohol use in the elderly and the COVID-19 pandemic
New evidence indicates that individuals in the United States and around the world are increasing their alcohol consumption in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Research that looked at the alcohol use of older people during the early stages of the pandemic generally found that, compared to younger adults, older people report smaller increases in alcohol use. However, a national survey and a study of social media users both found that older people reporting symptoms of depression and anxiety during the pandemic were more likely to increase their alcohol consumption than those who did. not these symptoms.
Tips and Resources for Seniors
- If you drink alcohol, follow the 2020-2025 dietary guidelines for Americans: Men should not have more than two standard drinks per day, and women should not have more than one standard drink per day. A standard drink is defined as having 14 grams of alcohol, which is typically contained in 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of spirits. These dietary guidelines are intended for those who have no other contraindications; People who take drugs that interact with alcohol, or those who manage a health or mental health problem that may be made worse by drinking alcohol, should avoid drinking alcohol altogether.
- If you have depression, anxiety, or another mental health problem, consider not drinking alcohol, as it can make these symptoms worse. Likewise, if you have trouble sleeping, avoid alcohol as it can interfere with sleep.
- If you want to learn more about your own drinking, visit the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Rethinking Drinking site.
- To learn more about treatment options for alcohol use disorders, visit the NIAAA Treatment Navigator website.
- Avoid social isolation. If physical distancing is necessary due to security measures related to COVID-19, contact friends and family by phone, video, or outdoors.
- If you’re feeling overwhelmed by depression, anxiety, or loneliness, seek professional help.
- For a list of additional resources on healthy aging, visit the US Department of Health and Human Services website.
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